A medical specialty responsible for treating, examining and rehabilitating patients with acute or chronic respiratory diseases. The huge development in medicine over the past decades has led to shedding more light on the importance of the role of respiratory care specialists in examination, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of respiratory diseases, under direct or indirect supervision of doctors. The tasks of respiratory care specialists require the practitioners to play a pioneering role in performing threir responsibilities in order to provide the best services to patients.
The idea of respiratory care began in the sixties of the last century under the name of inhalation therapy, and with the invention of ventilators technology, the spread of medical research and studies, in addition to the increase in treatment methods and options of chest diseases, the idea of designating a separated specialty started gradually to develop under several names until it became a separate specialty and practice. Nowadays, it is considered of the modern and globally rare
specialties by which the quality of care in hospitals is measured, especially in intensive care departments whereby the number and competence of respiratory care practitioners are considered main indicators.