Diabetic and Endocrine

In Istiklal Hospital, there are specialized clinins in endocrinology, diabetes and internal medicine managed by experienced consultants and specialists 

Diabetic and Endocrine

Departments of the Center

Thyroid treatment

It is a gland at the front of the neck that secretes the hormone thyroxin and its increase leads to

General fatigue and Nervousness

  Increased Heartbeat

Weight Loss

 The diagnosis includes a gland examination in the clinic or by ultrasound and gland activity tests, TSH,FREE T4

The patient is given appropriate treatment depending on the type of diagnosis and is either with medications, radioactive iodine or surgery

The following Hypothyroidism causes

 General fatigue, Laziness, Inactivity and Pallor

Memory Impairment

Irregular Menstrual Cycle and Difficulty in Getting Pregrant

There is also a nodule in the thyroid gland, which is treated according to its size and the possibility of being benign or malignant, from which an needle sample is taken to examine the cells FNA NEEDLE BIOPSY. By ultrasound, it is determined if the mass is solid or a cystic wherein the fluids can be withdrawn

Adrenal gland impairment

Adrenal Disorder

This is either an increase in secretion leading to CUSHING SYNDROME which causes

 High Blood Pressure

 Skin Thinning

 High Blood Diabetes

 Cracks in the Skin

 Its treatment is done first by proper diagnosis and knowledge of the source of high cortisol whether from medications taken by the patient to treat other diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis , asthma, adrenal tumors or pituitary tumors that lead to the secretion of cortisol by the adrenal gland by acth.

Lack of Adrenal Secretion leads to

 Hyperpigmentation of skin of sun-exposed area. It can also lead to drop in blood pressure and general fatigue called Addison disease

The patient has to be informed by his treating physician regarding the condition because he should take extra doses of cortisol before certain conditions like major operations or any stress condition

Type 1 and 2 Diabetes

In these conditions, the appropriate treatment must be chosen whether it is anti-sugar pills or insulin and there must be follow-up of the patient to prevent complications, detect and treat early.  Such as  diabetes retinal disease , kidney disease, peripheral nerve disorder, blood pressure treatment and high cholesterol associated with diabetes

Disorders of the parathyroid glands

Which leads to an increase in calcium in the body and the formation of kidney stones and the decrease in the secretion of the parathyroid glands, which leads to the descent of calcium less than 5 mg and causes cramps and pain in the muscles.


It is a defect in bone composition and calcium deficiency that is diagnosed by a Dexa Scan.  Appropriate treatment is given according to fragility level.  Osteoporosis happens more to women, especially after cessation of menstrual cycle